• Adat: Traditional custom
  • Aji: Metal/Iron; tosan ~ : noble metals (Javanese)
  • Ajian: Magical formulae/spell (mantra)
  • Akar Bahar: (wooden) Black coral
  • Ampuh: Magic powers
  • Angin: Wind (element)
  • Angsar: Esoteric content of a keris

 

  • Banyu: Water (element)
  • Batara: Venerable, Lord, God (Sanskrit: bhaṭṭāra; Javanese: bathara)
  • Batin: Inner side (‘kebatinan‘)
  • Batu: Stone
  • Besalen: Smith’s working place/workshop (Javanese)
  • Besi: Metal/iron
  • Bilah: Keris blade
  • Budi: Clear (intuitive) thinking
  • Buta: Demon (Javanese; Sanskrit: bhūta)

 

  • Candi: Hindu or Buddhist temple
  • Cipta: Mind
  • Cakra: Chakra discus (Sanskrit: cakra; Javanese: cåkrå)

 

  • Dalang: Traditional shadow puppet master
  • Danganan: Hilt (Bali)
  • Dapur: Indonesian word meaning ‘kitchen’, used to describe the type of keris (Javanese: dhapur)
  • Darma: Dharma (Sanskrit)
  • Deder: Hilt (Yogyakarta)
  • Dewa: God(s) (Sanskrit: deva)
  • Dewi: Godess(es) (Sanskrit: devi; Javanese: dèwi)
  • Diyu: Demon (Sanskrit: daitya; Javanese: ditya)
  • Doa: Prayer (Arabic)
  • Dukun: Shaman/traditional healer/doctor/medicine man
  • Duwung: a synonym for keris;  commonly used by Javanese aristocrats

 

  • Empu: Keris maker

 

  • Gajah: Elephant
  • Gamelan: Traditional Indonesian (Royal Court)  music
  • Gandar: (wooden) Body of keris sheath (‘warangka‘)
  • Gandar Iras: A wooden sheath (‘warangka‘) made out of a single piece of wood, including the ‘gandar‘.
  • Gandik: Decoration (“facial features” of the keris blade)
  • Ganja: Middle section of the face of the keris blade
  • Ganja Wulung: A ganja without ‘pamor
  • Gayaman: A type of sheath (‘warangka’) from the area of Yogyakarta and Surakarta
  • Gendaga: Storage box for incense
  • Gedong Pusaka: A special storage room for kerises and other pusaka
  • GendokCenter part of the ‘ganja
  • Geni: Fire (element)
  • Ghaib: Mystical (Arabic)
  • Golok: Machete
  • Gulu Meled: (“Neck”) part of the ‘ganja
  • Guru: Master, teacher
  • Gusti: God the Almighty
  • Guwaya: Outer radiance/emission

 

  • Hantu: Ghost
  • Harimau: Tiger (Sumatra)
  • Hulu: Hilt  (see ‘ukiran‘)

 

  • Ilmu: Knowledge/science (Arabic)
  • Ilmu Ghaib: Mystical knowledge/science
  • Ilmu Kejawen: Traditional Javanese mysticism
  • Ilmu Sihir: Magic/sorcery
  • Isi: Content

 

 

  • Kadigdayan: Supernatural powers (Javanese)
  • Kagok: A type of sheath (‘warangka‘) or hilt (‘hulu‘) made in a style different from Yogyakarta or Surakarta style
  • Kala Cakra: A blade decorated with relief of Kala and a chakra disc
  • Kamardikan: Category of kerises made after Indonesia’s Independence (‘kemerdekaan‘)
  • Kanjeng: Sir, Lord (Javanese: kanjêng)
  • Kanuragan: Indonesian martial arts (Javanese)
  • Kanyut: Part of the blade at the backside of the ‘ganja
  • Kayu: Wood
  • Keraton: Royal Court
  • Kesultanan: Sultanate
  • Khodam: Spirit (Arabic)
  • Kiai: Venerable Sir/master/etc., can also refer to a sacred object (Javanese: kyai)
  • Kudi: Machete (65-80 cm)
  • Kujang: Machete (20-25 cm)
  • Kuna: Old/ancient (Javanese: kunå)
  • Kutug: Burning incense (for making offerings)

 

  • Landheyan: Hilt (Madura)
  • Larung: (Ritual) disposal of a keris that causes the owner bad luck
  • Leluhur: Ancestors
  • Lingga(m): Phallus – transcendental source of creation (Sanskrit: liṅga)
  • Luk: Waves of the keris blade
  • Lurus: Straight (keris ~ : keris with straight blade)

 

  • Macan: Tiger
  • Marangi: Cleaning process of keris blade
  • Mas Kawin: Dowry; term used for the price of a keris
  • Mendak: Hilt ring of keris (Javanese: mêndhak)
  • Minyak: Oil
  • Mranggi: An artisan skilled in the making of a warangka
  • Mutih: Fasting method

 

  • Naga: Mythological serpent/dragon (Sanskrit: nāga; Javanese: någå)
  • Napas: Breath
  • Ngelmu: (Spiritual/mystical/esoteric) knowledge (see also ‘ilmu‘)
  • Nur: Light, Essence (Arabic)

 

  • Pakem: keris ~; conventional/traditional design of a keris (Javanese: pakêm)
  • Paksi: East-Javanese term for ‘pesi
  • Pamor: Prestige; ornament (pattern)/ damascening of the keris blade
  • Pande: Smith
  • Pandita: a wise/learned man, scholar (Sanskrit: paṇḍita; Javanese: pandhitå)
  • Panjak: Assistant of the empu
  • Pangot: A traditional weapon (knife) from Java and Bali
  • Patung: Statue
  • Pedang: Sword
  • Pegangan: Hilt (see ‘ukiran‘)
  • Pencak Silat: Indonesian martial arts
  • Pendok: Cover/protective layer of sheath (Javanese: ‘pendhok‘)
  • Perabot: Word meaning ‘tools’, used to refer to keris accessories
  • Pesi: The metal handle below the blade
  • Pisau: Knife
  • Pocong: Shrouded spirit
  • Pratiwi: Earth (element) (Sanskrit: pṛthvī)
  • Priyayi: Javanese aristocrats
  • Puasa: Fasting
  • Pucuk(an): Tip of the keris  blade
  • Pustaka: Heirloom

 

  • Raja: King (Sanskrit: rāja; Javanese: råjå)
  • Rajah: Mantra; yantra
  • Raksasa: Demon, giant (Sanskrit: rākṣasa; Javanese: rêksasa)
  • Rasa: Feeling
  • Rasa Sejati: True feeling; mystical awareness
  • Ratus: Incense cone
  • Rencong: Traditional weapon (dagger) from Aceh
  • Resi: Seer, ascetic, hermit (Sanskrit: ṛṣi; Javanese: rêsi)
  • Ricikan: Components of keris; characteristics of the face of the keris blade

 

  • Sajen: Offerings
  • Samadi: Concentration level in meditation
  • Sarung: Cloth
  • Selut: Keris ring
  • Sembah: Showing sign of respect; bowing/respectfully greeting
  • Senjata: Weapon
  • Sepuh: old/ancient
  • Sesaji: Offerings (Javanese)
  • Siluman: (an) invisible (being)
  • Singa: Lion (Sanskrit: siṃhaJavanese: singå)
  • Singkep: Keris bag
  • Sirah Cicak: Front part of the ‘ganja‘, which – when viewed from below – looks like a gecko (‘cicak‘)
  • Siraman: Bathing process of keris

 

  • Tangguh: Estimation (of age)
  • Tanjeg: Potential magical powers of the keris; the esoteric content of a keris
  • Tapa: Ascetisicm
  • Tayuh: Preliminary observation of determining the compatibility of the keris (before buying)
  • Tirta: Mystical term for water, or the nectar of immortality (‘Tirtamarta Kamadanu‘)
  • Tombak: Spear
  • Tosan Aji: Noble/valuable/sacred metals (term used for kerises, tombaks, etc.)

 

 

  • Waduk: see ‘Gendok
  • Wali: (Mystic) Saint
  • Warangka: Sheath (or dress: ‘sarung‘) of keris
  • Waskita: Insight
  • Waspada: Awareness/mindfulness
  • Wayang: Traditional shadow puppetry play
  • Wesi: Iron (Javanese)
  • Wetengan: see ‘Gendok
  • Wicaksana: Wisdom
  • Wilah: Keris blade -> bilah
  • Wingit: Esoteric powers of a keris


  • Yoni: Vagina (transcendental source of existence)