Types of Kerises with Straight Blades (Dapur Keris Lurus)

Below we set out a list of ‘Dapur Keris Lurus‘, or types of kerises with straight blades. The list given below can also be found in the article ‘Dhapur Keris Kraton Surakarta‘, which was composed in the year 1920. Unfortunately, this article still is not yet widely available to many on the web, nor does the digitalized article contain satisfactory pictures. Moreover, apart from the punctual details (with occasional typing errors), short descriptions are lacking. Thus, we decided to make this invaluable article available on our website, while at the same time providing additional descriptions where we felt these could add something meaningful to the original content. So, you can either download the original article, which is located at the ‘Downloads‘ section, or you can use the improved pictures – together with the additional descriptions – below for further reference.

Left: Dapur Betok;
Ricikan:  Gandik Lugas Panjang, Pejetan

The blade of a Betok Dapur is wider than the regular width of keris blades. The length of the blade is also different compared to other types of dapur; a Dapur Betok is approximately only half to three-quarters the length that of a standard sized keris. The design of the rather long gandik is unsophisticated, and the pejetan is wide and shallow.

Right: Dapur Brojol;
Ricikan:  Gandik Lugas, Pejetan

A separate article on Dapur Brojol will soon be posted on this website.

 

Left: Dapur Cengkrong;
Ricikan:  Adegipun Medang Suduk, Sraweyan, Ganja Kuwalik

A keris with a Cengkrong Dapur is a little shorter in length in comparison with other dapurs. Also, the blade usually is further bent than the common blades. This makes the gandik significantly taller, too. Because of the different design and position of the gandik, the ganja of a Dapur Cengkrong has a different design as well.

Right: Dapur Cundrik;
Ricikan:  Adegipun Medang Suduk, Sraweyan, Ganja Kuwalik, Greneng

The tall gandik is located at the back (of the blade). Like that of the Dapur Cengkrong, the blade is bent. The size of a Dapur Cundrik can vary between 22 cm to 36 cm in length.

 

Left: Dapur Gajah Singa;
Ricikan:  Awak-awakanipun, Duwung Leres, Gandik Mawi Gambar Gajah Kaliyan Singa

Right: Dapur Singa;
Ricikan:  Awak-awakanipun, Kados, Duwung Leres, Gandik Mawi, Gambar Sima

 

Left: Dapur Jaka Lola;
Ricikan:  Kados Dapur Brojol, Adeg Mucuk Bung

A Dapur Jaka Lola, also known as ‘Kalola‘, has a regularly sized gandik.  This dapur features ‘ada-ada‘, too.

Right: Dapur Kebo Lajer;
Ricikan:  Gandik Lugas Panjang, Pejetan Lajeng, Kruwingan (Gulo Milir)

Dapur Kebo Lajer has a long, straight and thin blade. Its gandik is rather tall, sometimes up to twice the size of a regular gandik, yet it has a simple design.

A Dapur Kebo Lajer, or ‘Mahesa Lajer‘, is relatively populair among the rural population in Java, for it is believed that a keris with this type of dapur contains certain powers which are said to provide for the needs of farmers.

 

Left: Dapur Jalak Dinding;
Ricikan:  Gandik Lugas, Pejetan Lajeng, Gusen, Ri Pandan, Sikutan Wingking

Jalak Dinding, or ‘Jalak Dingin‘, has a regularly sized blade. This type of dapur looks similar to ‘Dapur Tilam Sari‘, though the difference being the gusen, which is stretched over the entire length of the blade.

Right: Dapur Jalak Ngore;
Ricikan:  Gandik Lugas, Pejetan, Tikel Alis, Sraweyan, Greneng

A Dapur Jalak Ngore has a standard sized blade which features a clearly visible ‘ada-ada‘ all up to the tip of the blade. The gandik is plain and simple. This type of dapur also features a pejetan, tikel alis, sraweyan and greneng. Other than these, this dapur does not feature any other ricikan.

 

Left: Dapur Jalak Nguwung;
Ricikan:  Gandik Lugas, Pejetan Lajeng, Ada-ada, Ri Pandan, Gusen

A Dapur Jalak Nguwoh features a standard sized blade with a common gandik and a clearly visible ada-ada. This type of dapur is in many ways similar to ‘Dapur Tilam Sari‘.

Right: Dapur Jalak Tilam Sari;
Ricikan:  Gandik Lugas, Pejetan, Ri Pandan, Tikel Alis, Sraweyan

 

Left: Dapur Jalak Sumelang Gandring;
Ricikan:  Gandik Lugas, Tikel Alis, Pejetan, Sraweyan, Ri Pandan Susun

Right: Dapur Jalak Sangu Tumpeng;
Ricikan:  Gandik Lugas, Sogokan, Tikel Alis, Pejetan, Sraweyan, Ri Pandan, Gusen

 

Left: Dapur Jamang Murub;
Ricikan:  Gandik Lugas, Nginggil Mawi Cula, Sogokan, Tikel Alis, Sor-soran Pinekak

Right: Dapur Sardulo Mangsah;
Ricikan:  Sogokan, Tikel Alis, Imba Katrisaya, Imba Rinengga, Pudak Rinengga Dada, Segara Winotan, Ombang Bakat, Petit, Ron Nideng

Dapur Sardulo Mangsah, also known as ‘Sinom Pudak Sak Tegal‘, is a relatively modern design which originates from the Surakarta era (18th-19th century). The philosophy behind this type of dapur is focused on strive and aspiration, like a tiger’s strong focus when it is about to attack its prey. This makes a keris with this dapur suitable for anyone who pursues high goals and works hard to accomplish them.

 

Left: Dapur Kebo Dengdeng;
Ricikan:  Gandik Lugas, Pejetan, Kruwingan, Gusen, Sirah Cicak Kuwalik

Right: Dapur Duwung;
Ricikan:  Gandik Lugas Panjang Sapalih, Adegipun Duwung Saya Merit, Pucuk Suduk Maro, Wingking, Landhep Dumugi, Kepet

 

Left: Dapur Kebo Dungkul;
Ricikan:  Ganja Dungkul, Gandik Lugas Panjang, Sogokan, Sak Sisih Ngajeng Dumugi, Pucuk, Tikel Alis

Right: Dapur Lar Ngatap;
Ricikan:  Gandik Lugas, Sogokan Sak Dumugi Pucuk Tikel Alis, Sraweyan, Ri Pandan, Gusen

A Dapur Lar Ngantap is a little longer than the other Dapur Lurus kerises. Though there is no ada-ada, the blade features a long sogokan and a tall gandik.

 

Left: Dapur Kelab Lintah;
Ricikan:  Ganja Kelab Lintah, Perabot Kados, Dapur Tilam Upih

The blade of a keris with Dapur Kelab Lintah is almost symmetrical, which obviously is different from the regular shapes of a keris blade.

Right: Dapur Regol;
Ricikan:  Gandik Lugas Kalih Ngajeng Wingking, Pejetan Lajeng, Ganja Dungkul

This type of dapur is quite rare and was already seldom seen even during the ancient times. What is remarkable for a Dapur Regol, however, is that the ones with a special design feature two gandiks; one on the front and another one on the back.

 

Left: Dapur Laler Mangeng;
Ricikan:  Sekar Kacang, Jalen Among Gotra, Gandik Panjang Katatah Simbaran

Only ancient kerises were sometimes made with Dapur Laler Mangeng, though this type of dapur is hard to find. Its gandik is remarkably tall. What is remarkable as well, is that the kembang kacang is inverted, and often does not stick out of the blade very far, if any at all.

Right: Dapur Sineba;
Ricikan:  Gandik Lugas, Sogokan Sineba, Kruwingan Tikel Alis, Greneng Susun

 

Left: Dapur Mesem;
Ricikan:  Sekar Kacang, Jalen, Lambe Gajah Kalih, Pejetan, Tikel Alis, Sraweyan, Greneng

Right: Dapur Tumenggung;
Ricikan:  Sekar Kacang, Jalen, Lambe Gajah, Pejetan, Tikel Alis, Sraweyan, Greneng

 

Left: Dapur Mundarang;
Ricikan:  Sekar Kacang Pogok, Jalen, Lambe Gajah, Pejetan, Tikel Alis, Sraweyan, Greneng

Dapur Mundarang is a relatively rare type of dapur.

Right: Dapur Roning Teki;
Ricikan:  Sekar Kacang Pogok, Jalen, Lambe Gajah Kalih, Pejetan, Gandik Panjang Sogokan

 Dapur Roning Teki is also known as ‘Ron Teki‘.

Left: Dapur Pasopati;
Ricikan:  Sekar Kacang Pogok, Jalen, Lambe Gajah Sogokan, Tikel Alis, Sraweyan, Greneng

A separate article on Dapur Pasopati can be read here.

Right: Dapur Mangkurat;
Ricikan:  Sekar Kacang Pogok, Jenggot, Jalen, Lambe Gajah Kalih, Tikel Alis, Sraweyan, Greneng

 

Dapur: Dapur Putut;
Ricikan:  Awak-awakan Kados Dapur Brojol, Gandik Mawi Gambar Pandita

A keris with Dapur Putut has a rather short and wide blade. The gandik features a sitting person or monkey. Other than the gandik, this particular type of dapur does not feature any other ricikan.

 

Left: Dapur Pinarak;
Ricikan:  Gandik Medang (Lukipun Malebet), Sogokan, Dedeg Medang Suduk

Dapur Pinarak is an unique type of dapur. The the shape of the blade is somewhat bent. The tall gandik is positioned at the back, while the front features a sharp edge like that of a sword.

Right: Dapur Panji Nom;
Ricikan:  Gandik Lugas, Sogokan, Tikel Alis, Sraweyan, Greneng, Gusen

Dapur Panji Nom is actually called ‘Panji Anom‘, but sometimes ‘Pani Anem‘ is heard, too. Its blade is slightly bent, and features a tall gandik among other ricikan which are already mentioned above.

 

Left: Dapur Panji Penganten;
Ricikan:  Sekar Kacang Kalih, Sogokan, Tikel Alis, Sraweyan, Greneng, Gusen

Right: Dapur Karna Tinanding;
Ricikan:  Gandik Kalih Ngajeng Wingking, Sekar Kacang, Jalen, Lambe Gajah Kalih, Jenggot, Tikel Alis, Greneng, Gusen, Sogokan

 

Left: Dapur Sampur;
Ricikan:  Sekar Kacang, Jalen, Lambe Gajah Kalih, Jenggot, Sogokan, Ri Pandan, Greneng, Pudak Setegal, Ganja Kelap Lintah

Dapur Sampur is also known as ‘Sinom Pudak Sategal‘.

Right: Dapur Cadong;
Ricikan:  Sekar Kacang, Jalen, Lambe Gajah, Sogokan, Tikel Alis, Sraweyan, Greneng, Pudak Setegal

 

Left: Dapur Sempaner;
Ricikan:  Sekar Kacang, Jalen, Lambe Gajah, Tikel Alis, Ri Pandan

Other names for Dapur Sempaner are ‘Sempana Bener‘, ‘Supana Bener‘ and ‘Sepaner‘. A keris with this type of dapur is considered suitable for hard working people – especially for Royal descendants.

Right: Dapur Kalamisani;
Ricikan:  Sekar Kacang, Jalen, Lambe Gajah Kalih, Sogokan, Tikel Alis, Sraweyan, Greneng, Gusen

Dapur Kalamisani, or ‘Kala Misani‘ generally features the following ricikan: kembang kacang, two lambe gajahs, tikel alis, gusen, kruwingan and greneng. The blade usually also features ada-ada.

 

Left: Dapur Sepang;
Ricikan:  Gandik Lugas, Pejetan Lajeng, Ganja Wilut

Right: Dapur Yuyu Rumpung;
Ricikan:  Adegipun Mbengkuk, Kados Dapur Brojol, Ganja Kelap Lintah

 

Left: Dapur Singa Sangu Tumpeng;
Ricikan:  Leres, Gandik Sima, Sogokan, Tikel Alis, Sraweyan, Rojehan Da Tiga

Right: Dapur Sona;
Ricikan:  Awak-awakanipun Duwung Leres, Gandik Mawi Gambar Ketek

 

Left: Dapur Sinom;
Ricikan:  Sekar Kacang, Lambe Gajah, Sogokan, Tikel Alis, Sraweyan, Ron Da Kalih

A keris with Dapur Sinom is fairly populair. At the center of the blade there is often ada-ada, too. Other common ricikan of this dapur are kembang kacang, sogokan rangkap, pejetan, ri pandan and those already named above.

Right: Dapur Sinom Wora-wari;
Ricikan:  Sekar Kacang, Jalen, Lambe Gajah, Sogokan, Tikel Alis, Sraweyan, Greneng, Gusen

Wora-wari‘ is a general term for kerises with straigth blades (‘keris lurus‘) featuring gusen and lis-lisan. However, Wora-wari often matches the criteria of a Dapur Sinom, hence this type of dapur has become generally known as ‘Sinom Wora-wari‘. The blade of such a keris is relatively thick, and features the standard ricikan mentioned above.

 

Left: Dapur Sujen Ampel;
Ricikan:  Sekar Kacang, Jalen, Lambe Gajah, Pejetan, Ri Pandan Sungsun, Pawakan Gilig

The blade of a keris with Dapur Sujen Ampel is relatively round and thick. Other than the ricikan mentioned above, this type of dapur can sometimes also feature a jenggot. Usually a Dapur Sujen Ampel only features pamor on the sor-soran part.

Right: Dapur Kebo Teki;
Ricikan:  Adegipun Celak Wiyar, Sekar Kacang, Jalen Lambe Gajah Tiga, Greneng

Dapur Kebo Teki, or ‘Mahesa Teki‘ as some people call it, features a normal sized blade, though its width is larger than most other dapurs. In ancient times it were often farmers and other people working on the land who owned a keris with this type of dapur, for they believed it could bring them good luck in their hard work.

Left: Dapur Semar Petak;
Ricikan:  Adegipun Celak Wiyar, Gandik Katatah Tiyang, Wesi Bolong, Pawakan Anglimpa

Dapur Semar Petak is sometimes also named as ‘Semar Betak‘ atau ‘Semar Getak‘. It has a short but wide blade with a smooth surface. This type of dapur usually features an unsophisticated pamor design.

Right: Dapur Raksesa;
Ricikan:  Awak-awakanipun Duwung Leres, Gandik Mawi Gambar Denawa

 

Left: Dapur Tilam Sari;
Ricikan:  Gandik Lugas, Pejetan, Tikel Alis, Sraweyan

Dapur Tilam Sari is similar to Dapur Tilam Upih, and can be found mostly on Java. It is an extraordinary dapur indeed. It is believed that a keris with Dapur Tilam Sari is particularly suitable for married men, for the esoteric content of such a keris can provide safety and protection for the owner’s family.

Right: Dapur Kala Munyeng;
Ricikan:  Gandik Lugas, Sogokan Sasisih Dumugi Pucuk, Tikel Alis, Ri Pandan, Sraweyan

Dapur Kala Munyeng features a normal sized blade and a regular gandik. The special feature of Dapur Kala Munyeng is the sogokan on the front, which nearly reaches the tip of the blade.

 

Left: Dapur Tilam Upih;
Ricikan:  Gandik Lugas, Pejetan, Tikel Alis, Pawakan Anglimpa

The Dapur Tilam Upih is unique in the sense that it does not feature ada-ada, nor gusen. This type of dapur is commonly seen in Java, though the Keraton (‘Royal Court’ of) Yogyakarta merely has three kerises with Dapur Tilam Upih, namely Kanjeng Kyai Pulang Geni, Kanjeng Kyai Sirap and Kanjeng Kyai Sri Sadono. However, Dapur Tilam Upih can be found in other regions (and outside of Java), too. Dapur Tilam Upih is, then, sometimes also refered to ‘Tilam Putih‘, or ‘Tilam Putih‘.

Right: Dapur Pulang Geni;
Ricikan:  Gandik Lugas, Pejetan, Tikel Alis, Ri Pandan Sungsun, Pawakan Anglimpa

 

Left: Dapur Tebu Sauyun;
Ricikan:  Sekar Kacang, Jalen, Lambe Gajah, Sogokan Dumugi Sepalih, Tikel Alis, Sraweyan, Greneng

Right: Dapur Condong Campur;
Ricikan:  Sekar Kacang, Jalen, Lambe Gajah Kalih, Sogokan Lajeng Dumugi Pucuk, Tikel Alis, Greneng, Gusen

A Dapur Condong Campur can easily be recognized by its long sogokan, while the overall size of the blade is that of a standard sized keris.

 

Dapur: Dapur Semar Tinandu;
Ricikan:  Sekar Kacang, Lambe Gajah Kalih, Sogokan Kalih Dumugi Pucuk

This dapur can be labeled as a short keris. The blade is not so wide, and has an evenly flat surface. It has two kembang kacangs – one on the front, and the another one on the back end.